Madeleine’s experience of the Occupation was, in the first years, largely unrelated to military matters. Finding enough food to eat despite the severe rationing and poor distribution of what little there was preoccupied her as it did most Parisians. The Occupation did make it harder for Madeleine and her friends to continue to study. Most of her postgraduate friends from Britain, the Commonwealth and America had left the country and abandoned their studies. Of those remaining, largely French nationals, some had to go out to work or return to their homes to support their families in the absence of POW fathers and brothers. However, many women, including Madeleine persevered with their degrees although all had to earn money where they could alongside. The diary gives a fulsome account of how Madeleine lived her day-to-day. There were unrelenting periods of hardship and psychological frailty and physical illness but also brighter periods of relative abundance, social activities, intellectual diversions, romance. Only on occasion did the war irrupt into her daily life in the earlier years of Occupation. She recorded round-ups, arrests, Resistance attacks and makes reference to her own contribution to the resistance effort. Of her most direct and traumatic connection with Nazi persecution – the hounding and arrest of her Jewish student friends – she gives little explicit detail but routinely references contact with them. There is certainly enough in the diary to attest to Madeleine’s concern and support for them. Only in the summer of 1943 did Madeleine begin to write more about the war and then only when it was clear that the war looked to be edging towards an Allied victory. Again, although there is little detail, she does write about military campaigns, Allied victories and Axis setbacks and begins to imagine a future at home. After the D Day landings in June 1944, the diary becomes increasingly focussed on the possibility of a conflict she may have to survive as well as the possibility of liberation. The final month of the diary is an in intense and richly described account of the military liberation of Paris and the manner in whch civilians experienced and survived it. She makes a final entry on _ September 1944 although she would not return to Britain until the following year in February 1945.