Everyday life in occupied France varied in nature depending on where one lived, the income one had, the status one had a citizen under anti-Semitic and racist legislation, one’s gender, whether one was handicapped or able-bodied etc. In brief, one’s experience of life was coloured by the extent to which one was shielded or not from the worst consequences of the Nazi invasion, military and ideological repression and material deprivation. In very general terms, the more money one had, the more one could palliate the worse of the rationing of food and fuel and clothes by obtaining goods on the black market or travelling out of the cities to the countryside where food tended to be more abundant.  Those who lived in the countryside may not have suffered the worst of the shortages even though a significant amount of their produce and livestock was plundered by the German army. Those who lived in towns in northern France saw little of the war until the spring of 1944 when it passed directly through their territory sowing death and destruction. Those who lived in the suburbs of large urban areas may well have been vulnerable to bombing which targeted factories working for the German war effort and which tended to be sited in the suburbs.  There is an abundant record of day-to-day life in Paris under the Occupation in the form of diaries and letters and film footage. It was still an intellectual and university centre and the testimonies of cultural and political figures have made it to the public domain.  From these testimonies and from letters one can piece together a picture of hardship for most Parisians. Malnutrition was rife because of the harsh rationing which was in place within months and which became even harsher as the war went on. Malnutrition led to illness and disease. Death from relatively minor ailments was common. Medicines were in short supply and routine surgery was at certain times impossible. Getting around the city without a car was difficult. Many cars ad been commandeered by the Germans and petrol was scarce in any case. There was hardly enough to run the buses and underground trains ona  much reduced service. So, even getting to work and getting out to buy food could be very challenging and tiring. No fuel, meant difficulty cooking and baking and keeping warm. The winters of 1940 and 1941 (?) were particularly hard to bear for Parisians with no fuel in sub-zero temperatures. The early sense of optimism that the war would be over quickly and that the French Vichy government has a plan for the overthrow of the German occupier faded. It was replaced with anxiety and fatigue…..